1st annual solar eclipse of 2020 - everything you need to know
An annual solar eclipse will occur on the 21st of June, 2020. A solar eclipse takes place when the moon passes between the sun and earth. This phenomenon obscures the image of the sun for a viewer on the earth either partially or completely. An annual solar eclipse occurs when the apparent diameter of the moon is smaller than that of the sun. This blocks most of the sun’s light and causes it to look like a ring (annulus). This eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the earth 1000 kilometers wide.
India shall witness this event and this is going to be the deepest annual solar eclipse of the century. The sun may appear like a necklace for around 30 seconds instead of a ring of fire that it usually appears at the time of the eclipse. The whole sight would look like a necklace of shiny beads also known as Baily’s Beads because of the light filtering via the moon’s valleys and hills. The states such as Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, and Haryana are going to witness this phenomenon in the country. The rest parts of India will observe a partial solar eclipse respectively.
According to certain reports, the moon shall cover up a total of 98.8 percent of the disc of the sun. This will cause the ring around the sun to appear very thin.
Visibility And Time Of Eclipse In India:
According to the reports, the solar eclipse of the 21st of June 2020 will start at 9.15 am. It will reach its peak and 12.10 pm and will conclude at 3.04 pm in India. The duration of this eclipse will be six hours (approx.). The eclipse will be visible from India, Africa, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Congo, China, And Pakistan. After this, the next solar eclipse will appear five months later on the 14-15th of December in the country. For Oman and India, this solar eclipse is going to be the second annular eclipse six months after the eclipse of December 2019.
It is important to mention that witnessing a solar eclipse without the use of any equipment can lead to severe and permanent damage to your eyes. Thus, it is always suggested to wear protective eyeglasses and use binoculars, box projectors or a telescope to watch the event without harming your eyes.
More Details About The Solar Eclipse:
The present solar eclipse is a member of a semester series. This kind of eclipse usually repeats itself every 177 days and 4 hours at alternating nodes of the orbit of the moon.
Apart from this, the 21st of June also happens to be an important day for another reason. On this day, the sun is going to end its northward journey to the equator to shine on the Tropic of Cancer. This day is known as the summer solstice and it is the longest day on the Northern hemisphere. The duration of the day itself would be about 13 hours and 31 minutes.